Farmer holding a leaf

Climate Change

We are in a climate crisis. 农民往往首当其冲地受到气候变化的影响,他们的作物和生计面临风险. AG体育app下载共同推动将有机食品纳入应对气候变化的政策.

 

We are in a climate crisis. 农民往往首当其冲地受到气候变化的影响,他们的作物和生计面临风险.

AG体育app下载共同倡导将有机食品纳入应对气候变化的政策.g. 作为联合国气候变化框架公约(UNFCCC)内农民选民的积极AG体育app下载

做得正确, 农业生态和有机等农业可以成为实现气候友好型解决方案的过渡途径, sustainable food systems.

The 挑战

In the 2019 Special Report on Climate Change and Land, 联合国政府间气候变化专门委员会(IPCC)警告说,气候危机将对农业和林业产生巨大影响. At the same time, the report makes clear that arable farming, 畜牧业和林业是全球变暖的主要贡献者,呼吁这些部门最终承担责任,发起变化,遏制气候变化.

不可持续的农业是造成这场危机的原因之一,因为用于种植粮食的人造肥料造成了粮食短缺 多数 of nitrous oxide released into the atmosphere as a result of human activity. Nitrous oxide has almost 300倍 the warming effect of carbon dioxide and is responsible for about six percent of annual greenhouse gas emissions globally.

Agriculture, 林业和其他形式的土地利用约占全球温室气体排放总量的20-30%, 农业生产占该部门排放的大部分.

Overall the livestock sector accounts for 14.根据粮农组织2013年的一项估计,占所有人为温室气体排放的5%. One third of the world’s cropland area is used to grow food for animal feed.

The soil is a “carbon sink”, locking two to three times as much carbon as there is present in the atmosphere. 但是自从农业开始以来,农业土壤已经损失了1160亿吨碳——大约是工业革命以来燃烧化石燃料所释放的碳量的四分之一. 

今天, 由于大规模生产和应用合成肥料,农业是一氧化二氮排放量最大的部门. 

We believe that limiting global warming to 1.5°C (2.7°F)仍然可以通过大幅削减化石燃料排放,以及基于有机原则和农业生态学改造AG体育app下载的粮食系统来实现. Given its potential for reducing carbon emissions, enhancing soil fertility and improving climate resilience, 有机农业应该成为解决未来全球营养和应对气候变化的综合政策工具的基础.

Organic agriculture can help with climate change by:

  • Reducing greenhouse gases, especially nitrous oxide, as no chemical nitrogen fertilizers are used and nutrient losses are minimized.
  • Putting carbon back into soils by keeping them covered with plants, increasing crop diversity, composting and carefully planned grazing.
  • 通过减少生产合成肥料所需的能源,使每单位土地的能源消耗减少30-70%, and by using internal farm inputs.

了解AG体育app下载如何努力倡导将有机农业纳入各国政府的政策,不仅是为了应对气候变化, but also hunger and poverty.

AG体育app下载 -AG体育手机版是联合国气候变化框架公约(UNFCCC)中农民选民的积极AG体育app下载。. Thanks to our role, AG体育app下载有可能代表有机食品和农业社区大声疾呼,并提高人们的意识,使有机农业成为气候变化解决方案的一部分.

Since 2017, 缔约方和观察组织有机会就与农业和气候危机有关的关键议题进行辩论 Koronivia Joint Work on Agriculture (KJWA). 这个工作流程由6个研讨会组成,大约每6个月举行一次, each time covering different climate change and agriculture topics, 配合附属科学和技术咨询机构(科技咨询机构)的会议, 它是联合国气候变化框架公约的附属机构,为气候谈判代表提供科学方面的建议, technology, and methodology. AG体育app下载 – Organics International, as a member of the farmer's constituency, 通过参加研讨会,并让世界各地的有机农民有机会在这个国际论坛上分享他们的经验,为KJWA的进程做出贡献.

Read our last submission to KJWA 关于改善养分利用和粪肥管理,以实现可持续和有弹性的农业系统.

AG体育app下载 -AG体育手机版是“千人四计划”的联盟AG体育app下载, aiming at demonstrating that agriculture, 特别是农业土壤可以在粮食安全和气候变化方面发挥关键作用. 该倡议的目标是鼓励利益相关者向富有成效的方向过渡, highly resilient agriculture, based on the appropriate management of lands and soils, creating jobs and incomes hence ensuring sustainable development.

AG体育app下载 – Organics International is a member of the civil society group 克拉拉, or the Climate, Land, Ambition and Rights Alliance. 克拉拉 is focused on rights-based approaches to agriculture and forestry. In the report ‘Missing Pathways’, it examines the role of the land sector in ambitious climate action. 克拉拉 has also published a position on how agriculture, forest and land issues should be addressed in the UNFCCC: Climate Action in the Land Sector: Treading carefully.

We are a Charter Member of the Global Landscapes Forum, the world’s largest knowledge-led platform on sustainable land use, 致力于实现可持续发展目标和《AG体育app下载》,并渴望在可持续景观周围激发10亿人的运动.

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AG体育app下载有机会与珍·古道尔博士(CBE)就有机食品在为所有人建设可持续未来方面所能发挥的作用进行了交谈.

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